What Is a Small Business Loan?

It is a type of financing that companies and entrepreneurs use to start or grow their businesses. Small businesses’ loans are different from individuals’ loans because they require collateral, such as property, equipment, or cars. The money can then be used to purchase inventory or expand the company’s marketing.


How Do Small Business Loans Work?

One of the popular ways to finance a small business is to borrow money. This is because they offer a flexible repayment process, and one doesn’t have to give up any assets or collateral.


The two types of available loans are secured and unsecured, requiring different documentation levels. Secured loans should be used for long-term investments or purchases where businesses will need the property or equipment for many years to come.


Unsecured loans should be used for short-term projects or when a person’s credit score is too low for a traditional loan.


There are also two ways for loan repayment;

  1. Monthly installments until it’s paid off
  2. Making interest payments each month on the outstanding balance


The difference between these two is that with interest-only payments, one has more time before paying off the entire amount, which also means that they will accrue more interest over time.


How to Apply for a Small Business Loan

The first step to applying for a small business loan is collecting all the financial records. This includes bank statements, profit and loss statements, balance sheets, and much more.


Next, they’ll need to decide what type of loan they want. Secured loans require collateral that the lender can take if the borrower defaults on their payments, while unsecured loans don’t require any collateral but typically come with higher interest rates.


Next, they will complete an application form and submit it to the lender with their financial records. When the lender approves their application, they’ll contact them to explain what kind of repayment plan they qualify for.


Two Ways to Pay Back the Money

There are two different ways to pay back the money: repayment and forbearance. With repayment plans, they’ll make scheduled payments until they’ve paid the entire amount back. With forbearance, the lender agrees to let them pay only the interest accrued in monthly installments to have more time in between payments.



Getting a loan for a small business is a great way to help enterprises get the funds they need to run —whether it is for an expansion, new equipment, or renovating their building.



Anthony Kopiecki Bio